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INdAM Fellowship Programs in Mathematics and/or Applications cofunded by Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions



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Benedetta Noris


INdAM-COFUND Outgoing fellow between 2012-11-01 and 2014-10-31 

Project information

Title

Analysis of BEC: Mathematical analysis of phase separation and vortex formation in Bose-Einstein condensates

    Outgoing host organisation                                       Return host organisation

Laboratoire de Mathématiques de Versailles                     Università degli studi di Milano-Bicocca

Avenue des Etats-Unis, 45                                                      Piazza Ateneo Nuovo, 1
78035 Versailles cedex, France                                              20126 Milano, Italy

http://lmv.math.cnrs.fr                                                           http://home.matapp.unimib.it/

In the outgoing phase I plan to work at Laboratoire de Mathématiques de Versailles in collaboration with professors A. Aftalion and O. Kavian, in the return phase at Università degliStudi di Milano-Bicocca, in collaboration with professor S. Terracini.

My research project concerns the study of partial differential equations, and systems of such equations, which arise in the mathematical modeling of Bose-Einstein condensates. According to the different physical phenomena, I shall study different mathematical problems.

The phenomenon of phase separation in many-component condensates is modeled by a system of coupled Gross-Pitaevskii equations with diverging coupling coefficient. The components of the condensate tend to spatially separate as the coupling coefficient tends to infinity. The limit configuration solves a free boundary problem. I have been studying related questions starting from my Ph. D. thesis with Terracini.

Prof. Aftalion is an expert in the field of Bose-Einstein condensates and in particular in the analysis of vortex formation. Vortices are singularities of the wave function which appear in a condensate under rotation. My research plan includes the analysis of the interaction of these two singular phenomena, which will require to join our competences.

The problems and results described until now concern the time independent elliptic equations. In collaboration with professor Kavian, I shall investigate the associated time dependent systems. No results are known in this direction in the present literature.

Fellow information

Research interests

My research interests focus on partial differential
equations and nonlinear analysis. I have studied semilinear and
quasilinear equations, systems of such equations, related free
boundary problems, and abstract variational methods. More precisely:

  • Systems of nonlinear Schrödinger equations
    modeling Bose-Einstein condensation: existence and multiplicity of
    solutions, qualitative properties. The case of strongly competitive
    interaction: regularity of the solutions of the free boundary problem,
    a priori estimates, Gamma convergence. Orbital stability of solitary
    waves. Appearance of vortices in the condensate under rotation.
  • Aharonov-Bohm magnetic operator: gauge
    invariance, optimal partitions, nodal lines.
  • Elliptic equations with Sobolev supercritical
    growth: existence and multiplicity of positive radial solutions
  • Abstract variational methods. A generalization
    of the method of the Nehari manifold, with applications to systems of
    nonlinear Schrödinger equations. A generalization of the method of
    lower and upper solutions in invariant cones, with applications to
    semilinear elliptic equations.

Previous positions, awards

  • 2012: Ricercatore a tempo determinato di tipo (a), Facoltà  di Scienze statistiche, Università  degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca (declined)
  • 2010-2012: Assegno di Ricerca, Universit&agrave degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca
  • 2009: Post-doc fellowship FCT Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia , Universidade de Lisboa (declined)
  • 2006-2009: Phd fellowship in Mathematics, Università  degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca

Publications, preprints, other works

  1. B. Noris, On nonlinear Schrödinger systems with strong competition, Ph.D. Thesis, Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca (2009)
  2. B. Noris, H. Tavares, S. Terracini, G. Verzini, Uniform Holder bounds for nonlinear Schrödinger systems with strong competition, Comm. Pure Appl. Math. 63, 267-302 (2010)
  3. B. Noris, M. Ramos, Existence and bounds of positive solutions for a nonlinear Schrödinger system, Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 138, 1681-1692 (2010)
  4. B. Noris, S. Terracini, Nodal sets of magnetic Schrödinger operators of Aharonov-Bohm type and energy minimizing partitions, Indiana Univ. Math. J. 59, 1361-1404 (2010)
  5. D. Bonheure, B. Noris, T. Weth, Increasing radial solutions for Neumann problems without growth restrictions, Ann. Inst. H. Poincaré Anal. Non Linéaire 29, 573-588 (2012)
  6. M. Grossi, B. Noris, Positive constrained minimizers for supercritical problems in the ball, Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 140, 2141-2154 (2012)
  7. B. Noris, H. Tavares, S. Terracini, G. Verzini, Convergence of minimax and continuation of critical points for singularly perturbed systems, J. Eur. Math. Soc. 14, 1245-1273 (2012)
  8. B. Noris, G. Verzini, A remark on natural constraints in variational methods and an application
    to superlinear Schrödinger systems
    , J. Differential Equations 254, 1529-1547 (2013)
  9. M.-M. Boureanu, B. Noris, S. Terracini, Sub and supersolutions, invariant cones and multiplicity results for p-Laplace equations, Contemporary Math. AMS volume 595, 91-119 (2013)
  10. V. Bonnaillie-Noël, B. Noris, M. Nys, and S. Terracini, On the eigenvalues of Aharonov-Bohm operators with
    varying poles
    , Analysis & PDE 7-6, 1365-1395 (2014); DOI:10.2140/apde.2014.7.1365
  11. A. Aftalion, B. Noris, and C. Sourdis, Thomas-Fermi approximation for coexisting two
    component Bose-Einstein condensates and nonexistence of vortices for
    small rotation
    , preprint (2014); arXiv:1403.4695, to appear on Comm. Math. Phys. 2015
  12. B. Noris, H. Tavares, and G. Verzini, Stable solitary waves with prescribed L2-mass for
    the cubic Schrödinger system with trapping potentials
    , preprint (2014); arXiv:1405.5549, to appear on Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst.-A 2015
  13. B. Noris, M. Nys and S. Terracini, On the eigenvalues of Aharonov-Bohm operators with
    varying poles: pole approaching the boundary of the domain
    , preprint (2014); arXiv:1411.5244
  14. B. Noris, H. Tavares, and G. Verzini, Existence and orbital stability of the ground
    states with prescribed mass for the L2-critical and supercritical NLS
    on bounded domains
    , preprint (2013); arXiv:1307.3981, To appear on Analysis & PDE

Conferences, schools, other events

  • Co-organizer of the special session Nonlinear Elliptic Systems and Applications at Joint International Meeting of the American, European and Portuguese Mathematical Societies (AMS-EMS-SPM) http://aep-math2015.spm.pt
    Porto, 10-13 June 2015
  • Thomas-Fermi approximation for coexisting two component Bose-Einstein condensates and nonexistence of vortices for small rotation, Talk delivered at at The 10th AIMS Conference on Dynamical Systems, Differential Equations and Applications Madrid, 7-11 July 2014
  • Co-organizer of the workshop Maths physics on cold atoms: topological defects and phase separation
    http://lmv.math.cnrs.fr/conferences-et-colloques/maths-physics-meeting-on-cold/
    Institut Henri Poincaré, Paris, 13-14 Jan 2014
  • Workshop Variational methods and partial differential equations, Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium), July 11-12, 2013
  • Conference Giornata INdAM 013, Palermo (Italy), 6 June 2013
  • School 5th Women in Mathematics Summer School on Mathematical Theories towards Environmental Models”
    ICTP, Trieste (Italy), 27 May – 1 June 2013
  • A theoretical approach to phase separation in multicomponent Bose-Einstein condensates, Talk delivered at Maths Physics Young Researchers Meeting, Institut Henri Poincaré, Paris (France), 11-12 April 2013
  • A remark on natural constraints in variational methods and an application to superlinear Schrödinger systems
    Talk delivered at Singular limit problems in nonlinear PDEs, CIRM Luminy, Marseille (France), 26-30 November 2012
  • Convergence of minimax and continuation of critical points for singularly perturbed systems
    Talk delivered at The 9th AIMS Conference on Dynamical Systems, Differential Equations and Applications
    Orlando (Florida), USA, 1-5 July 2012
  • Co-organizer of the workshop A week on fractional diffusion, http://www2.mate.polimi.it/ocs/?cf=27
    Dipartimento di Matematica, Politecnico di Milano, 17-20 Jan 2012
  • Some remarks on the method of Nehari manifold and applications, Talk delivered at Workshop on nonlinear differential equations, Pienza (Siena, Italy), 7-11 November 2011
  • A Free Boundary Problem Arising in the Context of Bose-Einstein Condensation, Talk delivered at congress “Connections for Women: Free Boundary Problems, Theory and Applications”, MSRI, Berkeley (California), USA, 13-14 January 2011
  • Nodal sets of magnetic Schrödinger operators of Aharonov-Bohm type and energy minimizing partitions
    Talk delivered at Conference in memory of Prof. Yadava, TIFR, Bangalore (India), 7 Jan 2009


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